Tuesday, November 4, 2008

Tuesday's News 11 04 2008

Today I want to thank each and every one of you who read this blog for all support you have given to me outside of this blog here. You know who you are. The more this blog builds and grows the more I learn about my own disabilities I have had since birth and have had to deal with. As we know being disabled is not an easy road and often times we get depressed and very down on ourselves but I just keep remembering there are people out there worse off than I am and I go do something for somebody else and I can make it through another day. It is amazing the articles I find daily to post here that in some way or fashion relate to myself. Thank all of you once again who support and pray for me and this blog behind the scenes.

Now on with the news. This first article I found interesting as I was born with "crossed eyes" and had 3 major operations for correctiveness by the time I was 6 years old. This article really helped me to day to understand more of how my disability has effected me in ways I did not realize.
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Strabismus* in Childhood Linked to Risk of Mental Illness in Young Adulthood

*Link: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/strabismus

Children with exotropia type strabismus appear to be at increased risk for developing mental illness by young adulthood, according to a report in the November issue of Pediatrics.

Esotropia in childhood, however, does not seem to be associated with mental illness in early adulthood, note Dr. Brian G. Mohney and colleagues from Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota.

The results are based on a review of the medical records for 407 patients with childhood strabismus and 407 matched control subjects from Olmsted County, Minnesota.

Through follow-up to a mean age of 17.4 years, 41.3% of strabismus patients and 30.7% of controls were diagnosed with a mental illness.

Further analysis showed that children with exotropia were 3.1-times more likely to develop a mental illness than their peers without strabismus through a mean age of 20.3 years. Children with esotropia, as noted, were no more likely than controls to develop mental illness.

Intermittent strabismus was associated significant psychiatric morbidity, the report indicates. Compared with controls, subjects with intermittent strabismus had significantly more mental health disorders, more mental health ER visits or hospitalizations, and were at greater risk for suicidal or homicidal ideation.

"Why exotropia and not esotropia would be associated with the development of mental illness by early adulthood is unclear," the authors note. "Ocular misalignment would seem to have similar effects on individuals with strabismus regardless of whether it is esotropic or exotropic."

They add that "heredity is a more likely basis for any association between exotropia and mental illness."

Source:
http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/582918

MSNBC is covering this story as well: http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/27519865/
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This is another story today I found that have dealt with as well through out my life as I have never been really coordinated by far.

ADHD Affects Motor Control in Boys More Than Girls
Girls with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are twice as likely to be able to control their movements for their age compared with boys, a new study has found. Reporting in the November 4 issue of Neurology, researchers show that boys with ADHD experience more motor difficulty for longer.

"ADHD affects many children," senior investigator Mark Mahone, PhD, from the Kennedy Krieger Institute and Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, in Baltimore, Maryland, told Medscape Neurology & Neurosurgery.

Some report that as many as 5% to 10% of children experience symptoms of ADHD. "And what we found in our study is that it seems to affect boys and girls differently," Dr. Mahone said.

He pointed out that the findings are consistent with magnetic resonance imaging studies that have shown boys with ADHD have decreased activity in regions of the brain important for planning and executing movement.

Source and More:
http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/582959
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Insomnia Linked to Neurochemical Imbalance

A first of its kind study discovers a neurochemical abnormality in adults with primary insomnia. Scientists believe the new revelation will signifciantly improve understanding the common malady.

Researchers found gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), the most common inhibitory transmitter in the brain, is reduced by nearly 30 percent in individuals who have been suffering from primary insomnia for more than six months.

The findings suggest that primary insomnia is a manifestation of a neurobiological state of hyperarousal, which is present during both waking and sleep at physiological and cognitive levels.

“GABA is reduced in the brain of individuals with insomnia, suggesting overactivity is present not only at the level of excessive thoughts and emotions, but can also be detected at the level of the nervous system,” said principal investigator Dr. John Winkelman of Brigham and Women’s Hospital, a teaching affiliate of Harvard Medical School.

GABA decreases overall activity in many brain areas, helping the brain to “shut down.” Having a “racing mind” and an inability to shut down at night is a common complaint of people with primary insomnia.

Chronic insomnia, or symptoms that last for at least a month, affects about 10 percent of all adults in industrialized countries and is the most common sleep disorder. Most often insomnia is a “comorbid” disorder, present with another medical illness, mental disorder or sleep disorder, or associated with certain medications or substances.

Source and More:
http://psychcentral.com/news/2008/11/03/insomnia-linked-to-neurochemical-imbalance/3253.html
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Have a great day everybody and be sure to get out and vote!! :D

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